15 August: Independence Day

15 August: Independence Day

Introduction

  • “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. The territory of India shall consist of: The territories of the states, The Union territories and Any territory that may be acquired.” stated in Article One of the Indian constitution. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/UT of India has a unique demography, history, and culture, dress, festivals, language, etc. India, officially named as the Republic of India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, and the Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The President is the constitutional head of the Executive of the Union.
Mahatma Gandhi
  • World’s largest democracy, India, got independence from the oppressing Britishers on 15 August 1947. The first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru ji e hosted Tiranga, the national flag of India at the Red fort on 15 August 1947. & and declared India, a free state.
  • From many archaeological evidences, we get to know that, a highly sophisticated urbanized culture, the Indus civilization dominated the northwestern part of the subcontinent from about 2600 to 2000 BCE. From that period on, India functioned as a virtually self-contained political and cultural arena, which gave rise to a distinctive tradition that was associated primarily with Hinduism, the roots of which can largely be traced to the Indus civilization. Other religions, notably Buddhism and Jainism, originated in India—though their presence there is now quite small—and throughout the centuries residents of the subcontinent developed a rich intellectual life in such fields as mathematics, astronomy, architecture, literature, music, and the fine arts.
Subhas Chandra Bose
  • Throughout its history, India was intermittently disturbed by incursions from beyond its northern mountain wall, The Great Himalayas.  Arriving important was the coming of Islam, brought from the northwest by Arab, Turkish, Persian, and other raiders beginning early in the 8th century CE.  Talked, some of those invaders stayed; by the 13th century much of the subcontinent was under Muslim rule, and the number of Muslims steadily increased.  Only after the arrival of the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama in 1498 and the subsequent establishment of European maritime supremacy in the region did India become exposed to major external influences arriving by sea, a process that culminated in the decline of the ruling Muslim elite and absorption of the subcontinent within the British Empire.
  • For 200 years, Indians suffered the domination of the British colonists beginning in 1757. Their control over the country was gained by the victory of English East India Company at the Battle of Plassey. Indian history is rid of famous events of retaliation and uprisings which eventually drove the Britishers out and forced former viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, to free India on August 15, 1947, after giving the mandate to transfer the power to Indians. The day also marked the partition of British-ruled India into two countries, India and Pakistan.

There are many things about India and India’s independence, which we are all unaware of, &, I am going to share few such unknown and interesting facts with you all:

Fact 1

A bill was passed in The Parliament of the United Kingdom after the Royal Assent on 18th of July 1947, that bill became an act, known as, The 1947 Indian Independence Act, and thus India and Pakistan, comprising West (present Pakistan) and East (present Bangladesh) regions, came into being on 15 August.

Fact 2

On 3 June 1947, the then viceroy of India, later became the first Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten proposed, The British Government Plan, known as Mountbatten Plan. It was proposed in the plan that, Principle of the partition of British India was accepted by the British Government, successor governments would be given dominion status, autonomy and sovereignty to both countries can make their own constitution, princely, states were given the right to either join Pakistan or India & provinces can become a separate nation other than Pakistan or India. The main provisions of The Indian Independence Act are a division of British India into the two new dominions of India and Pakistan, with effect from 15 August 1947, the partition of the provinces of Bengal and Punjab between the two new countries, the establishment of the office of Governor-General in each of the two new countries, as representatives of the Crown, conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies of the two new countries. The Act also made provision for the division of joint property, etc. between the two new countries, including in particular the division of the armed forces.

Fact 3

India and Pakistan have their Independence day on the same day, 15th August. But Pakistan celebrates its independence day on 14th August because Lord Mountbatten being the last Viceroy of undivided British India had to transfer the Power to New Governments of India and Pakistan in Delhi and Karachi respectively.  It was impossible for Lord Mountbatten to be present at Delhi and Karachi on the same day so he transferred the power of Pakistan in the hand of Mohammad Ali Jinnah on 14th August 1947 but officially Pakistan got its independence in the midnight of 14th and 15th august i.e on 15th August with India (but still Pakistan celebrates its independence day on 14th August because Pakistan is Pakistan and Pakistan only knows to murder the history).

Fact 4

It was decided by the biggest astrologers of India that India should get independence in the midnight of 14th and 15th August because of the Shubh Muhurta.

Fact 5

At the time of independence there were a total 470 Indian civil services officers were there in the country, at the time of independence they were asked what they wanted to do, 400 officers said that they wants to retire on 15th August 1947. 40 offices said they would stay in India and offer their services to India. And 30 said the same for Pakistan.

Fact 6

At the time of partition and independence it was proposed by the then BCCI President, Anthony S D’Mello proposed not to divide the cricket team i.e he wanted a common cricket team for both India and Pakistan but his proposal was rejected. (Let’s just imagine for once Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly, Virender Sehwag, VVS Laxman, Rahul Dravid, Wasim Akram, Waqar Younis, Shoaib Akhtar, Shahid Afridi, MS Dhoni playing in one team! Goosebumps!)

Fact 7

Independence Day, one of the three National holidays in India. On the eve of Independence Day, the President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation”. On 15 August, the Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag on the ramparts of the historical site of Red Fort in Delhi. Twenty-one gunshots are fired in honor of the solemn occasion.

Conclusion:

Narendra Modi- Prime Minister of India

On August 15, 2020, India would have achieved 73 years of freedom. As such, this year marks the 74th Independence Day of the country.  This year, because of the pandemic, many restrictions are already in place. Therefore I suggest you celebrate this year’s Independence Day, observe the day & revel in patriotism from the safety of your house, maintain all social distancing and safety guidelines, and keep yourself and your community safe. That would be the true spirit of Independence Day 2020.

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